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Pengertian Past Continuous Tense, Fungsi, Contoh dan Terjemahanya + Exercise

Pengertian Past Continuous Tense, Fungsi, Contoh dan Terjemahanya + Exercise
Pengertian Past Continuous Tense, Fungsi, Contoh dan Terjemahanya + Exercise

 Past Continuous Tense

Pengertian Past Continuous Tense, Fungsi, Contoh dan Terjemahanya + Exercise – Pengertian Past Continuous Tense, Fungsi, Contoh dan Terjemahanya + Exercise

A. Pengertian Past Continuous Tense

Past Continuous Tense adalah Bentuk tense yang mempunyai kegunaan untuk mengidentifikaasi/menerangkan suatu kejadian/aktivitas yang sedang berlangsung dimasa lampau.
Dalam kasus lain dalam kalimat Past Continuous Tense kadang pula ada penyelaan kejadian tertentu. Past Continuous Tense juga sering disebut sebagai Past Progresive Tense.

B. Rumus Past Continuous Tense

(+) Subjek + Tobe (was/were) + V-ing + Objek
(-) Subjek + Tobe (was/were) + not +V-ing + Objek
(?) Tobe (was/were) + Subjek +V-ing + Objek?

Example (Contoh) Past Continuous Tense:

  1. (+) I was studying English last night. (Saya sedang belajar Bahasa Ingris tadi malam.)
    (-) I was not studying English last night. (Saya tidak sedang belajar Bahasa Ingris tadi malam.)
    (?) Was I studying English last night? (Apakah saya sedang belajar Bahasa Inggris tadi malam?)
  2. (+) They were singing yesterday. (Mereka sedang menyanyi kemarin.)
    (-) They were singing yesterday. (Mereka tidak sedang menyanyi kemarin.)
    (?) Were they singing yesterday? (Apakah Mereka sedang menyanyi kemarin?)
  3. (+) My mother was cooking when I came. (Ibu saya sedang memasak ketika saya datang.)
    (-) My mother was cooking when I came. (Ibu saya sedang memasak ketika saya datang.)
    (?) Was my mother was cooking when I came? (Ibu saya sedang memasak ketika saya datang?)

C. Fungsi Past Continuous Tense

1Digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu tindakan yang sedang berlangsung di masa lampau.

  • The boy was eating fried rice last morning. (Anak laki-laki itu sedang makan nasi goreng tadi pagi.)
  • My father was washing motorcycle yesterday. (Ayah saya sedang mencuci motor kemarin.)

2. Digunakan untuk menerangkan kejadian yang sedang berlangsung di masa lampau di saat kejadian lainnya             menyela.
a. Past Continuous Tense + when + Past Tense
    (S + was/were + V-ing + when + S + V2)

Contoh:

  • They were playing football when it began to rain. (Mereka sedang bermain sepakbola ketika hujan turun.)
  • The teacher was explaining lesson when Tommy came late. (Guru itu sedang menjelaskan pelajaran ketika Tomi datang terlambat. )

b.Simple Past Tense + while + Past Continuous Tense
   (+ S + V2 + while + S + was/were + V-ing )

Contoh:

  • My friend called while I was listening music. (Temanku telepon ketika saya sedang mendengarkan musik.)
  • My brother arrived at home while I was repairing my bicycle. (Saudara laki-lakiku tiba dirumah ketika saya sedang memeperbaiki sepedaku.)

3. Digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu aktivitas atau peristiwa yang sedang berlangsung pada saat yang                     bersamaan juga berlangsung di waktu lampau.
Untuk membuat kalimat dari fungsi yang ke 2 ini ada beberapa rumus yang bisa kita gunakan.

a. Past Continuous Tense + while + Past Continuous Tense
    (S + was/were + V-ing while + S + was/were + V-ing)

Contoh:

  • Santi was cleaning the floor while my mother cooking. (Santi sedang membersihkan lantai sementara ibuku sedang memasak.)
  • They were playing volley ball while I was cycling. (Mereka sedang bermain bola voli sementara saya sedang bersepeda.)

b.While + Past Continuous Tense + Past Continuous Tense
  (While + S + was/were + V-ing + S + was/were + V-ing)

Contoh:

  • While I was doing home work my sister practicing dance.
    While I was sending the email, the internet connection was loading. (Selagi saya sedang mengirim emai koneksi internet sedang memuat.)

Kata keterangan waktu (adverb of time) yang sering digunakan dalam Past Continuous Tense

  • Yesterday                              : Kemarin
  • Last morning/this morning : Pagi tadi
  • When                                      : Ketika
  • While                                      : Selagi/sementara
  • At the time                            : Pada waktu itu

D. Latihan Soal (Past Continuous Tense Exercise)

Ubahlah ke bentuk negatif dan bentuk tanya.

  1. My father was washing motorcycle yesterday.
  2. The doctor was writing a receipt yesterday.
  3. While I was fishing. My friend was calling me.
  4. The market closed while I was buying a book.
  5. The lamp turned off while I was studying Mathematic.

Terjemahkan ke dalam Bahasa Indonesia!

  1. My father was washing motorcycle yesterday.
  2. The doctor was writing a receipt yesterday.
  3. While I was fishing. My friend was calling me.
  4. The market closed while I was buying a book.
  5. The lamp turned off while I was studying Mathematic.

Lengkapilah kalimat-kalimat dibawah ini.

  1. Mr. Budi lost her wallet ____ he was shopping in a market.
  2. Miss Nina was reading novel ____ her father repaired roof.
  3. Heni was looking for a key _____ her sister was watching Tv.
  4. The girl coming from school ____ her mom washing clothes.
  5. ____ she was reading a book. I was watching movie.

 

 

 

Sekian penjelasan singkat tentang Past Continuous Tense. Semoga bermanfaat. Terima kasih.

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